Dog Breeds 101: Corgi

Dog Breeds 101 - Corgi - WP
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Originating from Pembrokeshire Wales, the Corgi is one of the smallest herding dogs. This breed is perhaps best known for being the favorite dog of the British Royal Family. In fact, Queen Elizabeth II is probably the most devoted Corgi owner – having at least four in her retinue at all times. [1]

There is little known about the Corgi’s origins. Many have claimed this breed has been around since the 10th century. They were originally bred to herd horses, cattle, ducks, sheep, and geese.

According to today’s breeding standards, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi can only be a variation of five colors: black-headed tricolor, red-headed tricolor, sable, fawn, and red. However, some dogs of this breed may have white markings on their necks, muzzle, legs, and chest.

In terms of temperament, Pembroke Welsh corgis are considered as affectionate in nature. They love being involved in the activities of the family. Corgis are intelligent, hard-working, loyal and highly trainable. The Pembroke is known to be bolder than the more famous Cardigan Corgi however. [2] Both and curious and tend to follow their owners. They also possess great desire to please their families. Thus, they are noted to be very eager to learn and be trained.

Corgis are the type of dog that can behave well around pets and children. They are known to be fun-loving, amiable, devoted, and companionable. Pembroke Welsh Corgis are also regarded as natural attention seekers. However, it is important for any Corgi owner to understand how to pick this dog up. Due to their long back, they can be easily injured when picked up by their front legs or scruff of the neck. [3]

In addition to their herding abilities, Corgis are known to be excellent watchdogs. They are alert and only bark when there is a need to. However, just like other herders, Corgis are known for their tendency to chase everything that moves.

Daily herding is perfect for this dog’s exercise needs. Yet, if this is not possible, adequate walking, play, or training will suffice. Also, they may do well living outdoors in temperate climates, but they will fare well indoors.

It is also worth noting that this breed has a tendency to overeat. Therefore, owners must closely monitor the food intake of Corgis to prevent health risks. [3]

Corgis have an average lifespan of 12 to 15 years.



[2] Richard G. Beauchamp, Welsh Corgis: Pembroke and Cardigan (Barron’s Educational Series, 2010).

[3] Richard G. Beauchamp, Welsh Corgis: Pembroke and Cardigan: Everything about Purchase, Care, Nutrition, Grooming, Behavior, and Training (Barron’s Educational Series, 1999).

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