Dog Breeds 101: Pomeranian

Dog Breeds 101- Pomeranian - WP
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Also known as the “Pom Pom,” the Pomeranian is a descendant of the German Spitz. Today, they are members of the toy dog group. In 1767, Queen Charlotte brought two of these dogs originating from Pomerania, (a region bridging Poland and Germany), from Germany to England. Her granddaughter, Queen Victoria, was also particularly fond of the Pom Pom and further popularized this breed. [1]

Considering the increasing popularity of smaller dogs in fashion, Pomeranians are ranked amongst the most popular breeds in the US today. The breed also excels in show competitions.

The Pomeranian is a small and sturdy dog covered in long, dense fur. These dogs come in a many different colors: white, black, brown, red, orange, cream, blue, sable, black and tan, brown and tan, spotted, brindle and a combination of all these colors. [2]

The Pom Pom is also known to have a thick double coat. Grooming is not very difficult despite the abundance of the fur. Nonetheless, breeders and fanciers are suggested to brush the coat regularly to maintain its quality. Also, trimming of the coat is recommended every 1-2 months because they shed constantly. [2]

This small breed of dog is known to be lively, playful, and friendly. They love to spend all of their time with their owners as long as they are the center of attention. They are intelligent animals and therefore often get what they want when they want. However, these dogs have a tendency to become dominant and aggressive if they are not properly trained.

Also, Pomeranians are noted to be very protective of their owners and territory. They will bark at almost any foreign noise.

Pomeranians are known to be proud, docile, and affectionate in nature. They love to please their owners and are almost always alert. The Pom is known for having an unbelievable ability to relate to their owners and other humans. [3]

The average lifespan of a Pomeranian is around 12 to 16 years. Pom Poms are ranked amongst dogs with the smallest litter sizes.


[1] Sharon Lynn Vanderlip, The Pomeranian Handbook (Barron’s Educational Series, 2007), p.4-5.

[2] D. Caroline Coile, Pomeranians For Dummies (John Wiley & Sons, 2011).

[3] Joe Stahlkuppe, Pomeranians: Everything about Purchase, Care, Nutrition, Breeding, Behavior, and Training (Barron’s Educational Series, 2000), p.6.

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